Prevalence and correlates of adverse childhood experiences among adolescents living with HIV-AIDS in Lagos, Nigeria

Authors

  • S Adeyemo
  • I Adeosun
  • O Ogun
  • A Adegbohun

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.38029/bumj.v2i1.3

Abstract

Objective: Adverse childhood experience is a known risk factor for risky behavior and negative mental health outcomes. There is dearth of information on adverse childhood experiences among adolescents living with HIV-AIDS in Nigeria. This study assessed the prevalence, pattern and correlates of adverse childhood experience among adolescents with HIV/AIDS attending two tertiary health facilities in Lagos, Nigeria.

Method: Using a cross-sectional study design, 201 adolescents with HIV-AIDS attending out-patient clinics at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos and the Lagos state University Teaching Hospital completed the adverse childhood experience questionnaire (ACE) and a socio-demographic questionnaire. The data was analysed with SPSS version 20.

Result: The mean age of the participants was 13.88 (± 2.53) years, and 61.7% were males. High levels of adverse childhood experiences ( AC E > 4 ) were reported by 28.4% of the participants. Nearly three quarters (73.6%) were victims of physical abuse, while 48.7% and 11.8% had been emotionally and sexually abused. There was statistically significant association between high levels of adverse experiences in childhood and occupational class of the father (p=0.022), previous history of hospitalisation (p=0.027) and having HIV positive siblings (p=0.009).

Conclusion: There is a crucial need for interventions targeted towards prevention of physical, emotional and sexual child abuse, and other forms of adverse childhood experiences.HIV-AIDS, adverse childhood experiences, child abuse, adolescents

Author Biographies

S Adeyemo

Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

I Adeosun

Mental Health Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Babcock University/Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria.

O Ogun

Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

A Adegbohun

Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

Published

2017-09-30

How to Cite

Adeyemo, S., Adeosun, I., Ogun, O., & Adegbohun, A. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of adverse childhood experiences among adolescents living with HIV-AIDS in Lagos, Nigeria. Babcock University Medical Journal (BUMJ), 2(1), 18-28. https://doi.org/10.38029/bumj.v2i1.3

Issue

Section

Research Article